A Concise Report on FPENS Activities 1999  –  2016

Introduction

The Formal Private Education Network in Somalia (FPENS) has been making a lot of effort to restore the educational system since the collapse of the central government in Somalia. It was ousted by armed militias in December , 1990 when the civil war broke out in Mogadishu , the capital in 1990.

FPENS was officially established in 1999 by 14 associations/foundations involved in education  in Somalia to respond to increased need for quality education. It was founded when the young generation were in urgent for education, joining to armed groups /militias who used to commit crimes , such as robbery , torture and destruction.

At present, FPENS is the largest education umbrella /institution in Somalia . Working throughout Somalia(South- Central , Somaliland  and Puntland) , FPENS member associations / foundations are more than a hundred education associations / foundations.

So  far , tens of thousands of students have completed/ graduated from the secondary schools run by FPENS. Hundreds of them joined to local or external universities in various specializations . Moreover, in  cooperation  with other institutions involved in education, were provided free scholarships inside and outside Somalia.

It is worth mentioning that FPENS founded  in 2002 the Benadir Teacher Training Institute (BTTI) in Mogadishu  in order to produce well-trained teachers who can play a prominent role in education at primary and secondary schools.

In conclusion , instead of offering all achievements and different activities of FPENS , we would like to summarize and offer as  a sample , a report on FPENS  activities of the past academic years (1999-2016).

  1. Needs for FPENS Establishment

  2. Lack of unified and clarified educational philosophy

  3. Absence of a proper/appropriate plan

  4. Various educational curricula in the schools

  5. Shortage / scarcity of tools , textbooks and teacher guides

  6. In adequacy of qualified and trained teachers for the tasks they perform

  7. Improper school buildings as educational places (most of them)

  8. Lack of centralized examination

  9. Absence of accuracy monitoring and supervision system for the institutions involved in education

  10. Weakness in the coordination and cooperation on the educational efforts of the schools

  11. Lack of unified certificates recognized by the concerned other educational sides

FPENS Vision

FPENS has a vision of getting a community safe and free from community diseases socially , morally and spiritually.

FPENS Mission

FPENS mission is to provide high quality education to the Somali Community.

FPENS Objectives

  1. To contribute to building the Somali community highly developed in the field of education

  2. To endeaver to get a unified and modernized / advanced curriculum

  3. To make the young generation firmly related to the Islamic Religion and create patriotism in their souls through education

  4. To get certificates of FPENS equivalent to those in the other countries

  5. To build/develop capacity of the management and teachers

  6. To spread the principles : peace , culture , harmony , cooperation , productive work and environment protection

  7. To increase student abilities physically , mentally , morally and culturally

FPENS Administrative Structure

  1. General Assembly (according to the situation in Somalia at present – federalism)

  2. Board of Directors (unified)

  3. Executive Committee

FPENS Achievements

  1. Unification of the private sector educational efforts in Somalia , following the collapse of the central government in 1991 and absence of its role

  2. Unification of the contents and syllabuses of FPENS schools

  3. Issue of an internationally recognized certificate

  4. Salvation of thousands of the young generation from joining to armed militias

  5. Preparation of an educational schedule for FPENS schools

  6. Establishment of a teacher training institute in Mogadishu

  7. Taking an active part in the country leadership through producing well-educated students from FPENS schools

The Schedule Written below Shows Number of Teachers and Students of FPENS

S. No.

Academic Year

Number of Students

Number of Teachers

Boys

Girls

Total

Male

Female

Total

1.

1999-2000

15,500

8,866

24,366

741

53

794

2.

2000-2001

15,958

9,246

25,204

1161

92

1253

3.

2001-2002

25,080

12,944

38,024

1283

100

1383

4.

2002-2003

31,122

20,256

51,378

1593

94

1687

5.

2003-2004

40,667

20,500

61,167

1755

101

1856

6.

2004-2005

44,308

23,647

67,955

2045

109

2154

7.

2005-2006

48,034

28,895

76,929

2395

149

2544

8.

2006-2007

57,808

32,172

89,980

2881

149

3030

9.

2007-2008

44,838

25,503

70,322

2063

130

2193

10.

2008-2009

42,926

25,840

68,766

1852

103

1948

11.

2009-2010

43,007

26,900

69,907

1778

91

1869

12.

2010-2011

56,681

38,898

93,579

3065

157

3222

13.

2011-2012

62,747

39,698

102,445

3169

193

3362

14.

2012-2013

75,673

48,735

124,408

3,608

211

3,819

15.

2013-2014

82,696

53,264

135,960

3,883

225

4,108

16.

2014-2015

122,809

78,490

201,299

4,370

1,261

5,631

17.

2015-2016

135,725

99,833

23,558

4,911

2,077

6,988

 

Provision of Job Opportunities to the Teachers and Others

S. No.

Academic Year

Number of Teachers

Number of Employees

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

1.

1999-2000

741

53

794

166

111

277

2.

2000-2001

1161

92

1253

176

154

330

3.

2001-2002

1283

100

1383

291

161

452

4.

2002-2003

1593

94

1687

354

198

552

5.

2003-2004

1755

101

1856

682

233

915

6.

2004-2005

2045

109

2154

842

292

1134

7.

2005-2006

2395

149

2544

968

316

1284

8.

2006-2007

2881

149

3030

156

414

570

9.

2007-2008

2063

130

2193

879

301

1180

10.

2008-2009

1852

103

1955

774

308

1082

11.

2009-2010

1778

91

1869

825

274

1099

12.

2010-2011

3065

157

3222

1260

424

1684

13.

2011-2012

3169

193

3362

697

431

1128

14.

2012-2013

3608

211

3819

720

504

1224

15.

2013-2014

3883

225

4108

919

799

1718

16.

2014-2015

5721

1482

7203

1913

1321

3234

17.

2015-2016

8581

2223

10804

2869

1991

4860

Total

47574

5662

53,235

14,491

8,232

22,723

Contribution to Writing a National Curriculum , Education Policy and Educational Regulation for Somalia.

Taking part in Somali National Curriculum , education policy  and educational regulation/ bylaw under supervision of the Ministry of Education during conflict period in Somalia encouraged establishment of Local Universities.

Because FPENS is the largest education umbrella in Somalia, most students at  the Local Universities (90%) are those who have completed primary and secondary education at the schools run by FPENS.

Scholarship

  1. Primary and Secondary Education

Sex

Number of Students

Academic Year

Boys

31,904

2015/2016

Girls

15,603

Total

47, 507

 Higher Education

Universities

Academic Year

Number of Students

Local Universities

1999-2016

75,361

External Universities

1999-2016

5,726

Total

 

81,087

 

Moreover, FPENS established :

  • Benadir Teacher Training Institute (BTTI)

  • Somali Research and Training Center

Membership /Partnership

FPENS is an active partner or member of the following institutions :

  • UNDP

  • UNESCO

  • UNICEF

  • Care International

  • International University of Africa(IUA)

  • Mubarak Gismalla Institute for Research and Training

  • Education Sector Committee (ESC)

  • Islamic Development Bank (IDB)

  • Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)

  • National Examination Committee of the Ministry of Education

  • Private Sector Education Office of the Ministry of Education

  • National Education Plan Committee